Archive | June, 2017

Ancient Olympic Events D.17.06.30

30 Jun

Jumping events involved contestants running while they were holding stone weights. And as they were getting to their line, they would then jettison the weights behind themselves in order to get a longer distance. The longest distance that they could get proved to be the winner.
The discus throw was an ancient Olympic event. This discus was made of stone, later iron, lead, and even bronze. The technique was very similar to the one that’s used today, in which the participant would hurl the disc more distance. And again, longest distance wins.
Wrestling, highly valued as a form of military exercise without any use of weapons. The contest only ends when one of those contestants admits defeat.
Decoded Series

Advertisements

The Origins of the Olympics D.17.06.29

28 Jun

When the Olympics first occurred, they were just a one day event. As years passed, it extended to three days before finally becoming a five day event during the 5th century BCE. The ancient games included such events as running, the long jump, shot put, javelin, boxing, pankration, and equestrian events. Some of these events still exist today.
The pentathlon became an Olympic sport with the addition of wrestling around 708 BCE and included things like running, jumping, and the discus throw. The running events during this period were the 200 meter, 400 meter, and included longer distance runs as well. One of the most famous runners was Leonidas of Rhodes, winning four consecutive Olympiad.
Decoded Series

Ancient Olympic Games D.17.06.28

27 Jun

Every four years, the world comes together to recognize the physical prowess of thousands of the world’s greatest athletes as they compete in the Olympic Games.
According to historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games can be traced back to the year 776 BCE. They were dedicated to the Olympian Gods and were staged on the ancient plains of Olympia. They continued it for nearly 12 centuries, until Emperor Theodosius decreed in 393 CE that all such pagan cults should be banned.
The Olympic Games were closely linked to the religious festivals of the Cult of Zeus, considered the most important of all Olympic gods, but were not an integral part of a rite. The Olympic Games focus on the physical abilities of the athletes, as well as allowing for a cultivating of amicable relations between the cities of Greece.
Olympic victories immortalize its participants. The best athletes were able to become legends in their events and had their feats recorded for following generations. All free male Greek citizens were entitled to participate in the ancient Olympic Games, regardless of their social status. Married women were not allowed to participate in or even watch the ancient Olympic Games. However, unmarried women could attend the competition.
Decoded Series

Daily Ancient Life of Women D.17.06.27

26 Jun

There was very little, if any focus on arts or public speaking in places like Sparta as there was in Athens.
There were vast differences between Athens and Sparta, in many different ways. One of the ways that you can see a woman in Sparta actually could be citizens -They could participate in public life, they could be outside of the home. But in order to be a citizen, their husband had to be a citizen. They could own land, they could participate in businesses, and they could own and manage property.
With respect to the public participation, Spartan women often worked out and exercised with men. They were seen as important to the survival of Spartan society.
They created life. They created the Spartan warriors. In order for them to bear healthy children, they needed to be healthy as well. And they also educated their children with Spartan values, such values as dignity and honour.
Decoded Series

Ancient Classes D.17.06.26

26 Jun

Upper-class women were allowed to participate in different social events, but it was really limited to things like funerals, religious festivals, and shopping in the market.
In contrast to Athens, we see a little bit more freedom offered to the women. Then, education itself for women was offered within Spartan society because it’s seen as more beneficial to the society itself.
Even though Sparta was much more military focused, they did offer more rights to their women and see them as being more essential to their city-state.
Men themselves or boys themselves leave to go join military service around seven, whereas women, they were given a physical education which consisted of running, wrestling and various other sports, and this was done with the belief that if women were physically stronger they would be able to deal with child birth more easily.
Decoded Series

Athenian Norms D.17.06.25

25 Jun

When considering Athenian norms women would often be corrected by their husbands if they disobeyed them. They would be beaten, humiliated in public.
And it wasn’t just limited to their husbands. Other male relatives, including their brothers-in-law, could punish them if they were seen as being disrespectful.
The expectations of women differed depending on the class. Wealthy women, or women of the upper classes, their movement was a lot more restricted and they were more tied to the home. They could only associate with male family members or their close friends, and especially their close female friends. However poor women, or working women within Greek city-states, and especially places like Athens, would work outside of the home and come into contact with different types of people.
Decoded Series

Marriage of Athenian Women D.17.06.24

24 Jun

Athenian women themselves were expected to stay indoors at their own home, or they could even visit the homes of their female friends. They were expected to supervise the chores of their slaves and were afforded the opportunity to give opinions on matters of the household to men within the household.
Within Athenian society there was this emphasis that men, property owning males, should head those households. However, women could own property, but the household should be run by a man.
With respect to marriages, many of the marriages were arranged due to a dowry, and these dowries were given and arranged between families of similar wealth and class status. The dowries consisted of money, clothing, jewellery, animals, or even slaves. Once it was accepted, the wedding was arranged.
For a typical marriage, a girl would leave home around 15 for married life. If she was still unmarried by the age of 15, she was considered somewhat defective. It was believed that she was worthless or even weak and that no man would consider marrying her. It was a disgrace to herself and her family.
Decoded Series