Archive | December, 2017

Yes, it is Happy New Year D.18.01.01

31 Dec

I would like to wish you a very Happy and Healthy New Year.
New Years only come about once a year, so make this an even special one.
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The Goths in Rome D.17.12.31

30 Dec

The Goths negotiated for several years to try and get some area in the Empire. There were various Romans who thought this would be a good idea. But eventually the negotiations broke down and as a result the Goths attacked the city of Rome in 410 CE and sacked it as a reprisal.
This wasn’t a particularly violent or cruel act, but the sack of Rome broke the spell of Roman invincibility. If a group of wandering nomads could take the city of Rome, Rome was much weaker than it appeared.
One of the things the Romans did to respond when the Goths attacked Rome, was they pulled the legions back from the frontiers. And the minute they pulled the legions back, they sent all the troops home to Rome, from England for example, from Britain, and also from Northern France.
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Talking about the Fourth Century D.17.12.30

29 Dec

In the late fourth century, large numbers of a people known as the Goths, crossed the Danube Frontier. They were driven by the arrival of the Huns, a fierce people from Central Asia.
The Huns came from Asia, attacked the Goths. The Goths fled the Huns, and in their flight, they crossed the Danube and entered the Roman Empire.
The Goths didn’t want to fight the Romans. They wanted land. They wanted to live in the Empire. But of course, all the land in the Roman Empire had Romans living on it.
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The Nomads of the Past D.17.12.29

28 Dec

The nomadic peoples who caused the collapse of the Western Roman Empire didn’t come to destroy Rome, they came to profit from it.
The Western Empire was always under pressure from tribal people living on the far side of its north-eastern frontier, the frontier of the Rhine and the Danube Rivers.
The rivers made a natural barrier and they were easy to cross. And there were always tribal people living on the other side that either wanted to raid Roman territory or come live in Roman territory. Because Roman territory tended to be wealthier.
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The Russian Orthodox Church D.17.12.28

27 Dec

The Russian Orthodox Church was founded by missionaries from Constantinople. And there is a strong historical connection between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Church that was based in the Byzantine Empire.
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St. Catherine’s Monastery D.17.12.27

27 Dec

The Byzantine Empire ended with the 6th Century icon from St. Catharine’s Monastery in the Scieni Peninsula, and it reminds us of the deep spirituality at the heart of Byzantine culture.
The icon, the image of, Christ, and in other examples, saints that would be worshiped was central to Byzantine devotion and it is really the image we carry with it today.
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From the Ninth Century D.17.12.26

25 Dec

After the ninth century, Byzantium was reduced to little bits of Southern Italy and Sicily, but mostly what is today the countries of Greece and Turkey.
And these were the areas that they controlled, more or less successfully, for another 600 years. But there was continual pressure on them from Muslim armies to the east wanting to take more and more territory, until the Ottoman Turks finally took the city in 1453.
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Happy Holiday Season D.17.12.25

25 Dec

To everyone young and old have a wonderful holiday season and hope you take this chance to catch up with friends and family
Regardless of your belief or nonbelief have a wonderful Festive Season.
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Byzantium Tidd Bit D.17.12.24

24 Dec

Almost the entire history of Byzantium is a history of fighting off various invading armies, which they did successfully for almost 1,000 years.
The greatest blow to the Byzantines was the Muslim expansion of the 7th century. And the Muslim religion, which grew out of Arabia and very quickly took over enormous areas of the world.
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Greek Fire D.17.12.23

22 Dec

The invention of Greek fire is something nobody really knows how it worked. What it was, was a tube, that spat fire. Not a long way, but long enough to burn people in other boats and this was used on land as well.
People have speculated that it might have been some kind of petroleum product maybe found in Crimea. Perhaps some kind of resin with petroleum in it, but no one knows exactly the mechanism for making Greek fire work.
What it did was, it was an early medieval flame thrower and not only was it a horrific weapon to face in battle, it was also something the Byzantine’s kept as a secret. The Arabs figured out a parallel system, but really nobody ever figured out how Greek fire worked.
They were very successful at keeping this secret weapon secret, in terms of how to use it. It was a great factor in their ability to hold for so long against so many external forces.
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