Archive | January, 2018

The Arabian Peninsula D.18.02.01

31 Jan

There is a geographical context in the Hijaz region of the Arabian Peninsula. This was a region where many pilgrims and traders passed through.
The Koresh basically had a lock on that trade that made them a significant tribe in the region. The pre-Islamic social traditions affected Islam and had to do with the prioritization of family line connections, in Arabic. Or the boasting of the merits of the forefathers.
The pride in family and lineage proved very important, not only to the rise of Islam, but even today.
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The Rise of Islam Part 1 D.18.01.31

31 Jan

The rise of Islam affected ideas of societal order. Both for Muslims coming in contact with others, as well as those others, Europeans and beyond, who came into contact with Islam.
Mohammed became known as the first prophet who was born in the 6th century and was understood within Islam as the last in a long line of prophets.
His history doesn’t start out so easily. He was born in the Koreish region of the Arabian Peninsula in Mecca. But he was orphaned at a rather young age. This in and of itself is going to affect his outlook on the world.
Later he married Katja. Who was a businesswoman he worked with and also was his first convert. His personality demonstrated that he was interested in things like the meaning of life questions long before he became a prophet. He was also interested in those who were more marginalized or the less fortunate.
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The Ancient Trading D.18.01.30

29 Jan

After the collapse of the Roman Empire and then there was a period of economic collapse. But over many hundred years trade roots sprung up where there were never trade roots before.
The Romans didn’t trade with Scandinavia, but here you have Scandinavian traders coming all over eastern Europe and all over the coast of western Europe as well and spreading very far and wide.
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Viking Raids D.18.01.29

29 Jan

The Vikings raided all along the coastline, mostly everywhere they didn’t colonize, they raided. Anywhere they could get to, including the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, they journeyed far and wide.
By sailing down the Russian rivers, they even took one of their longships to Constantinople to present as a gift to the Emperor. That was rather impressive.
The trade routes were between Sweden and the empire.
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The Viking Connection D.19.01.28

27 Jan

The Vikings were not just savage people from the north. They were also people who make all sorts of connections all over the European world in a very non-Mediterranean cantered way.
This was a civilization who came down from the north of Europe. And spread into the Mediterranean where there were Norman kingdoms in Sicily and Norman and Viking mercenaries serving as guards in the emperor’s court in Constantinople in the Byzantine empire, so the famous Varangian guard in the palace in Constantinople was made up entirely of Vikings, of Scandinavian warriors. Very impressive they were, too.
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The Viking Movements D.18.01.27

26 Jan

The Vikings moved into Russia and occupied various areas throughout. They settled in what is now central Russia all the way down to the Black Sea.
They also settled in Iceland, where their culture survives to this day.
And in Greenland, and in the 11th century, we know now from the archaeological excavations at Meadows in Newfoundland, Canada, that they did make it to North America. They definitely settled on Newfoundland. They probably sailed the coast of Labrador as well. The Normand’s got as far as Sicily, where they set up a Sicilian kingdom around the city of Palermo and the Normal churches in Sicily or some of the glories of Christian architecture.
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The Norse D.18.01.26

25 Jan

The heartland of the Vikings is in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, but they spread further and further. By the ninth century they were occupying northern England in an area that was called the Danelaw.
Their cultural influence and linguistic influence was strong in northern England to this day. By the tenth century they had taken over Normandy and France.
Normandy comes from Normand which means the people from the north, which were the Vikings.
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Berserker Warriors D.18.01.25

25 Jan

A Berserker Warrior is from an Icelandic word for – A warrior who dresses in bear skins, a kind of wild man warrior.
He gives an appearance of being furious, and angry, and fierce, of him chewing on his shield. A terrifying image to think about.
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Viking Art D.18.01.24

24 Jan

There are some examples of Viking art. For instance, there is a rock piece from the Louis Chessmen. The chessmen were probably made in the 12th century but they reflect earlier traditions of Viking art. They were found on the Scottish Island of Lewis.
The chessmen provide a powerful image on the board and it has been noticed how it provides a sort of terrifying image of the Viking warrior.
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The Viking Ships D.18.01.23

22 Jan

The Viking ships were a display in themselves. The Viking head post was an elaborate piece of work. The Vikings themselves were sophisticated artists who created the ships head. This would have been at the front of the ship. A terrifying image, but also a beautiful one in many ways.
Viking, we don’t really know what the word signifies though the word Veke is the old Norse word for inlet or creek, so it may mean the people from the shore or the sea people. That would make sense.
The Vikings moved all over the place. They didn’t just pillage the coast of North England. But they also journeyed as far as Newfoundland.
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