Archive | February, 2018

The Birthplace of Civilization 18.03.01

28 Feb

There is little debate against the ideal that Egypt and Mesopotamia were the birthplace of Civilization. There is a rich history and evidence to suggest a wealthy and fertile world existed in antiquity.
It is from the ashes of these civilizations that society grew and became the world we live within today. A world without dispute is still struggling to find its way in every aspect of life.
The many ideals, religion, politics, cultures, farming and many other current stables has derived from the ancient beginning of Egypt and Mesopotamia.
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The Classical Realm of Culture D.18.02.28

27 Feb

The religion of Islam was built on Jewish and Christian traditions and drew naturally and extensively on Greek cultural roots of the lands that it conquered.
Classical Greek philosophy and mathematics were much better known in Arab lands than in the Christian West.
In the first century of Islam’s existence, it spread was fast. Between Mohamed’s death in 632 and the defeat of the Muslim armies in Northern France in 732, Islam spread from the Arabian Peninsula to Egypt, Palestine, Syria, North Africa, Spain, and Persia.
In 717 Arab armies attacked Constantinople itself though they couldn’t conquer the city.
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King Charlemagne D.18.02.27

26 Feb

In the year 800, the German king Charlemagne proclaimed himself emperor. Charlemagne did not revive the Roman Empire in any meaningful way and his realm soon split between his successors.
He did, however, revive the ideal of European unity and of continuity with the past. His court in Northern Europe was the centre of learning where manuscripts were copied, and classical texts preserved.
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The Shared Ideals of the Ancient Kingdoms D.18.02.26

25 Feb

The Ancient Kingdoms shared the common interest of the church and religion. The Church, headed by the Pope in Rome, remained the one stable institution to survive the fall of the empire.
Monasteries preserved intellectual traditions and acted as economic hubs as well. They had farms, they produced crafts. As vernacular languages proliferated, written and spoken Latin remained the common language of the Church all over western Europe.
The church could communicate internally with Latin, even though each region fell to using its own separate language.
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The Kingdoms of Antiquity D.18.02.25

24 Feb

There were and are many kingdoms of old and new.
The Franks in France.
The Lombards in Lomerty in North Italy.
The Burgundians in Burgundy.
The various German kingdoms.
The Angle Saxons in Southern Britain.
The power in these kingdoms was often decentralized and the kingdoms fought amongst themselves constantly.
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Western Europe D.18.02.24

24 Feb

This covers the former Roman territories of France, England and Italy as well as Germany. An area that was never conquered by Rome but was converted to Roman Catholicism in the years following the collapse of the empire.
By and large the nomadic tribes who conquered the empire had not actually wished to destroy it as much as profit from it. Once they took charge, they were unable to sustain the political and economic relations that kept the empire alive.
Communications broke down. Taxation ceased. Cities were sacked and emptied out. Infrastructure collapsed and was not repaired or replaced. Over a period of hundreds of years, new kingdoms emerged from the ruins of the old empire.
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The Byzantium Era D.18.02.23

22 Feb

It is easy to forget that Byzantium survived for 1,000 years, producing great works of art, architecture, and music. As well as preserving a wealthy and sophisticated culture.
If it were not for Byzantium, it’s very likely that western Europe would have been conquered by Islam, just like Spain, North Africa, Egypt to Persia and India were.
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The Sacking of Constantinople D.18.02.22

21 Feb

It was the Western European Christians, not the Muslims, that first sacked Constantinople in 1204. The Byzantine culture was often unfamiliar because it had no direct successor.
Western Europe developed into the kingdoms and countries we now know today. The Islamic world is thriving. But there are no living Byzantians.
When the Ottomans finally conquered the empire, they replaced the Greek Christian culture of Byzantian with their own Turkish Muslim one.
Constantinople became Istanbul, which is the Turkish word for Constantinople. Stan-bul, Stan-tinople.
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The Struggles of Antiquity D.18.02.21

20 Feb

It was an intensely Christian culture, that rejected much of the classical heritage of ancient Greek and Roman thought.
The Eastern Empire had always kept Greek as its daily language and over time, Latin was forgotten in Byzantium.
After the rise of Islam, Byzantium lost the rich lands of Egypt, Syria and Palestine and existed in a constant state of warfare with Arabs to the south. Persians to the east and Slavic peoples to the north. Because the Byzantine Church refused to recognize the authority of the Pope in Rome, relations with Western Europe were chilly, if not openly hostile.
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The Classic of Constantinople D.18.02.20

20 Feb

Despite a state of almost constant warfare with surrounding states for a period of a thousand years, Constantinople only fell twice.
Once to Christian classic crusaders in 1204 CE, and once finally to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Though it traced its history back to Rome in an unbroken line of Emperor’s – Byzantine culture evolved into something quite different than the culture of Classical Rome.
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