Archive | April, 2018

The Change of Understanding the Celts D.18.05.01

30 Apr

There is a break in the stereotype of understanding of the Celts that existed until about ten years ago, that the Celts were a primitive people basically living in isolation. Nothing could be further from the truth.
We know that Celtic commerce roads actually stretched from Ireland in the west up until Turkey in the east, and there is a possibility that some of them may have reached Central Asia.
Gold was considered to have been on the trade routes.
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Celtic First Century D.18.04.30

29 Apr

Celtic culture by the time of the first Century, Irish culture, was one that was more merciful with people who would’ve been relegated to the margins in other medieval societies.
From first to the fifth Century, Irish culture, as we call it, really began to come together, and by the fifth Century, there is a recognizable strong Celtic culture which was very focused on trade with the rest of Europe.
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Celtic different from Roman Law D.18.04.29

29 Apr

As opposed to Roman law, and this is because we’re often used to looking at the Romans as though they constituted the height of civilization. In Celtic culture, if a child was born deformed, if an elderly person had some problem of illness, or infirmity, they were cared for.
According to Celtic tradition, children, people who have a handicap or the elderly, are in the same situation as the gods.
They were considered to be blessed and they were considered to be worthy of reverence.
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Celtic Society D.18.04.28

26 Apr

The Celts were a very war-like people, although probably no more war-like than any other people in Europe at that time.
Their civilization was different on a number of counts, and one of the main counts was the status of women.
Women in Celtic society, and this remained through the early Christian period in Ireland.
Women in Celtic society could divorce. In fact, women in Celtic society could divorce and they could actually take the property and their own dowry back with them if they became dissatisfied with their husbands.
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Irish Cultural Unity D.18.04.27

26 Apr

When we think of cultural unity we are not speaking about an ethnic unity. In about roughly, 2,000 to 2,500 years BCE, the Celts arrived in steady waves in Ireland. At that time civilization exists, and this is evident from archaeological ruins, such as that of Newgrange.
This was a tomb in which the solstices of winter and summer are recorded via various carving techniques in the rocks.
It is known that the Celts predecessors, the Iberians were following the stars, and so did the Celts.
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The Descendants of Ireland D.18.04.26

25 Apr

There is a difference between Ireland and the rest of Western Europe in the Middle Ages. This is because the Irish themselves are a mixture of people from Iberia, Iberia. This being the peninsula in which there is Spain and Portugal.
On a larger scale there was a group who once extended throughout all of Europe, who arrived in Ireland 1,000’s of years after the first settlers in Ireland. And it is those people who are the ones who really gave the island its strongest cultural identity.
They were called the Celts. Irish people will often refer to themselves as being descended from the Celts. They are indeed. And they are also descended from the Iberians, and as many modern day Irish historians point out, equally descended from the Anglo-Saxons from whom Ireland has often had very problematic relations – that being England.
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The Irish of the Middle Ages D.18.04.25

24 Apr

Here is a turn of events – the Irish.
The history of the Middle Ages has a different appeal in the period between the 5th and 10th Centuries known as the Dark Ages for the Irish.
During this period the people of Ireland experienced one of the greatest times of cultural efflorescence and intellectual creativity.
They were very different to the rest of Western Europe because of the mixture of people who made their home Ireland.
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The Mixing of Religions D.18.04.24

23 Apr

The religions mixed in the Middle Ages. For example, the Islamic culture and Viking culture met. There were places where there was an enormously fruitful mixing of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic culture in what is now Spain in the Moorish kingdoms of Andalusia and Grenada.
In the Palace of the Alhambra in Grenada there is the sophistication of Muslim ornament. The artists focus was on pattern and on writing rather than on representation of the human figure and they achieved stunning results.
There is the Court of the Lions at the Alhambra, one of the most elegant and beautiful spaces in the world. It was a display of magnificent architecture.
History has scores of religions mixing.
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Muslim Geographer D.18.04.23

22 Apr

A world map was created by Muhammad al-Idrisi in the 12th century, in 1154 CE. Al-Idrisi was the foremost geographer of that period.
He presented a fairly accurate map of Europe, the Mediterranean, North Africa, and Asia. There is Britain, Italy, Sicily, North Africa, Arabia, and off towards India although it is not particularly well represented but the map extends to the Caspian Sea as well as the Black Sea.
There was an enormous amount of geographical knowledge for the 12th century. Muhammad al-Idrisi interestingly lived in Palermo in Sicily at the court of the Normand King Roger of Sicily. And the Normand’s of course were descended from the Vikings.
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Between the Religions D.18.04.22

21 Apr

The most vibrant Jewish communities in the early Middle Ages were located in Muslim countries. And at that time Jews were less persecuted by Muslims than they were by Christians.
Places like Baghdad and Cordoba in Spain became great centres for Jewish learning. There were cross-currents between Jewish traditions of learning and Muslim traditions in learning at a time when literacy in Europe was extremely low due to the enormous sort of social and economic dislocation after the fall of the western empire.
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