Archive | June, 2018

The French Revolution D.18.07.01

30 Jun

During the French Revolution an angry mob attacked the many churches. This was something that happened all over France at the time of the revolution in the late 18th century.
There was a lot of hostility by common people towards the Church because people felt that it had been acting in an oppressive way, and this anger was often taken out by destroying the buildings.
In some cases, people started taking hammers to statues and during one the few times during the French Revolution, the townspeople actually stopped the rioters from doing this.
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The Meaning of Cathedral D.18.06.30

29 Jun

The meaning of a cathedral is very different from what most people think. A cathedral is called this because it is the seat of a bishop, that’s what cathedral means.
The church of a bishop is in the Catholic Church. The cathedral is his seat.
There is a bit of not necessary trivia for you today.
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The Marvels of the High Medieval Culture D.18.06.29

29 Jun

There were extraordinary marvels during the medieval period. There were engineering marvels and phenomenal beauty, with their striving status.
There were marvels of engineering, structural engineering. Know one knows exactly when many of the medieval buildings were built. They were constructed high with a great deal of glass in the walls.
They were masters of their time with a quality of beautiful structures ever built anywhere.
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Descriptive Ages D.18.06.28

27 Jun

The Ages came in parcels. There was the Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages, the Dark Ages
These are descriptive times marking the value of the period. For example, calling the years around 1013 CE the High Middle Ages, implies they’re somehow better or more valuable or more medieval than the periods before or since.
Humanity went through a turmoil during the times of the Middle Ages and because there were some landmarks and happenings such as fatal illnesses, these periods have been marked for history.
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The Crusades of Violence D.18.06.27

26 Jun

The crusades were an ugly episode, as is likely to be the case whenever any religion endorses organized violence against unbelievers.
It was also a point where Europeans began to engage with non-European cultures. After the first crusade, trade between Europe and the Muslim world increased enormously to the great enrichment of cities like Genoa and Venice.
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The Crusade D.18.06.26

26 Jun

The Crusaders set up Christian kingdoms in the Holy Land, but these were not firmly rooted and didn’t last long.
There were around eight organized crusades over the following centuries. None of them retook Jerusalem.
The fourth crusade in 1204 actually sacked and destroyed the Christian city of Constantinople rather than attacking the Muslims at all.
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The Medieval Jews D.18.06.25

24 Jun

The call for holy war unleashed many forms of religious persecution within Europe. Jews were killed, and Jewish communities destroyed in both France and Germany.
The official Crusade to the Holy Land was surprisingly successful. The Crusading army passed through the lands of Byzantium and successfully captured Jerusalem, due in part to Muslim disunity.
When the Crusaders Took the city, they massacred the population. Jews were burned alive in their Synagogue. Muslims were slaughtered in the Mosques. Victorious crusaders wrote home that – our men rode in the blood of the Saracens up to the knees of their horses. Reprisals by Muslim forces in following years were equally bloody.
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High Medieval Influences D.18.06.24

23 Jun

The church used ways to spiritualize the very real poverty that many Medieval people experienced. The High Medieval period was marked by renewed, and often violent connections between Europe and the wider world.
In 1095, Pope Urban II preached the First Crusade, proclaiming that God wished Christian soldiers to invade the Holy Land and seize Jerusalem from the Muslims.
Anyone who undertook the crusade would have all their sins forgiven. The peaceful practice of pilgrimage to holy sites was thus transformed into and organized military expedition. Many people both noble and common heeded the cause and took up arms.
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Papal Power D.18.06.23

22 Jun

A series of powerful Popes tightened their control over the Catholic church. They increased their influence over the secular authorities.
At the same time popular religion thrived. The new orders of Friars combined monastic discipline with a worldly mission.
The Dominicans were the great educators, and eventually more darkly the great inquisitors and persecutors of heretics. The Franciscans embraced poverty and simple life in imitation of the first apostles. The personal example of Saint Francis of Assisi who rejected his family’s wealth for the simple life of a wandering preacher was enormously inspiring to rich and poor.
Papal endorsement of Saint Francis ensured that the Church had a connection to the common life of ordinary people.
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Early First University D.18.06.22

21 Jun

The first Universities were established at Bologna, Paris and Oxford. Philosophy and rationale thought began being valued alongside theological authority.
Gothic Architecture was a triumph, both of beauty and engineering that held little to previous Roman or Classical models.
Religious practices of all kinds went through influential changes during this early period, on the one hand the power of the Papacy was consolidated.
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