Archive | July, 2018

The Papacy Wars D.18.08.01

31 Jul

There is no doubt the Crusades were wars authorized by the pope. And during the Crusades, these were known as a series of wars that were authorized by the Papacy, in the western part of Christianity.
European Christians went to battle non-Christians, in theory especially Muslims in the Holy Land.
This call to Crusade, also tapped into a larger history of pilgrimage.
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Ancient Conflict had Positives D.18.07.31

30 Jul

Conflict created exposure to other languages, cultures, military tactics, ideas of societal order.
Trade grew with items being traded while at the same time expanding understanding of the world.
There was many practical usefulness born out of conflict.
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From Raids to Trades D.18.07.30

29 Jul

Trade was a point of expansion in the times of old. In the case of the Vikings they were both merchants and pirates. Historically there was a lot of both – those that traded, and those that took things to trade.
They often travelled with their families. Meaning that their presence often suggested things like a colonization of an area, not that they were just passing through.
This was often seen as a threat.
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The Mercenary Army D.18.07.29

28 Jul

By 1050, the Seljuk Turks, who were Sunni, captured Baghdad. This allowed for an increasing threat against Byzantium.
In 1071 the Emperor in the East, Romanus IV, could barely summon an army, in order to fight off the Turks. He had to rely on a mercenary army.
This army included Normans, Franks, Slavs, Turks, mostly anyone.
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The Bonus of the Crusades D.18.07.28

28 Jul

The wider value of the Crusades allowed for Europeans to discover a much wider world than they were aware of at the time.
This was from their developing interest in trade. Before the Crusades even began, the Arabs were already besieging Constantinople, but were defeated by the Byzantium Emperor Leo the third in the eighth century.
Even though Leo requested help form the west, the west didn’t send help to the east.
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The Hitches for the Crusaders D.18.07.27

26 Jul

The Crusade had all sorts of troubles. Barbarossa, the emperor, drowned on the journey crossing a river and many German knights turned back.
Basically one-third of the invading force turned back without ever reaching the holy land. The crusaders were not as effective in their fight as they hoped to be.
Richard the Lionheart, who was the main leader of the crusade, captured the coastal cities of Acra and Jafa, but he failed to take Jerusalem.
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The Ongoing Saga of the Crusades D.18.07.26

26 Jul

Saladin let many of the defenders free following payment of a small ransom. He invited the Jewish community to return to Jerusalem. Many Jews did.
He re-established Jerusalem as it had been before the Crusaders attacked.
Once Jerusalem fell in 1187, that initiated the crusades to go again in Europe, and that became the Third Crusade.
In between was the second Crusade which helped the kingdoms get off the ground. That didn’t have much military effect, but the Third Crusade really was one of the main efforts that the crusaders put forward after the First Crusade.
The crusades were led by three kings, Richard the Lionheart, King of England. Philip the second of France, Philippe Auguste, Philip the second arriving in Palestine of the Third Crusade. Additionally, Frederick Barbarossa, the German emperor.
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The Hitches of the Crusades D.18.07.25

24 Jul

One of the reasons the Crusaders had been so successful in taking Jerusalem is the Muslim princes were fighting amongst themselves when the Crusaders arrived.
Saladin ended that. He united the areas around the crusading kingdoms and proceeded to fight to drive the crusaders out of the Holy Land.
And at 1187, at the Battle of Hattin, he established and basically annihilated the crusaders’ forces at that battle and retook Jerusalem later that year.
Saladin had intended to slaughter the Christians in Jerusalem just as the Muslims had been slaughtered earlier. But he ended up by negotiating, partly because the Christians said that if he tried to take the city and without giving them terms, they would kill all the Muslims in the city before they were let go.
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The Muslim Powers D.18.07.24

23 Jul

The Muslim powers were cut off from the coastline because of the military success of the First Crusade.
After the establishment of the kingdoms, the Muslims attacked and harassed so as to drive the invaders from their lands.
It took time before the kingdoms settled and over time both Muslims and Christians began to co-exist.
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Crusader Kingdoms D.18.07.23

22 Jul

There were various Crusader Kingdoms set up after the fall of Jerusalem. There was the Kingdom of Jerusalem – the county of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the County of Edessa. These were the primary crusader kingdoms.
The Byzantine Empire and Armenian Cilicia were independent Christian state that existed before the crusaders came.
Edessa, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem were all established by The Crusaders.
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