Archive | November, 2018

The Battle of Agincourt 18.12.01

30 Nov

There was an enormous victory at the Battle of Agincourt. Agincourt 1415. The English outnumbered, chose a good place to defend between two woods.
As the French knights attacked in very limited space, the archers shot. The knights died. But the knights behind them kept coming.
A massive number of French knights were killed. Almost no English were killed at all because the archers killed the French knights before they could really do any damage to the English knights.
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The 15th Century and Henry V War D.18.11.30

29 Nov

The state of war continued early in the 15th century. There had been the English King Henry V who had been dealing with problems in England.
There had been a period of civil unrest in England largely due to Henry’s father, Henry IV, who took the throne under uncertain circumstances.
When Henry V came to the throne, he thought of the best way to pacify things in England would be to prosecute the war in France more vigorously.
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Ancient Peasant versus Nobles D.18.11.29

28 Nov

The ancient peasant revolts really frightened the nobility. This is because there were a lot more peasants than nobles in medieval society.
Peasants were not well armed, they were not trained at fighting. And the revolt was successfully put down with great violence all over the place.
It showed that the longer the war went on, the more the social fabric, was falling apart. The war came and went and came and went. Sometimes it was fought more vigorously other times things went dormant for a while.
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The Ancient Peasant Revolts D.18.11.28

27 Nov

One of the many ancient activities was wars started by peasants who revolted against the dominating systems.
There is evidence of peasants killing a knight when the French king was captured at Poitiers. The French nobles began to continue the war to try and get the king back, and one of the things they did to do this, logically enough from their point of view, was to raise taxes on everybody.
But after a certain point, people got tired of paying taxes for the war, especially since they thought that the French nobility had let the king down by letting him get captured and were not being very effective at kicking the English out.
The other thing that was putting stress on the lives of the peasants was that as the war continued and the longer it went on, gangs of armed men were wandering around the countryside in groups called free companies, which basically meant, independent gangs of murderous thugs. They would go into villages and pillage the villages, rape the women, kill the men, and take the stuff, and move on.
And so, all of this lead to a general breakdown in various parts of France where you had peasant revolts against the nobility.
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Battle of Potieh D.18.11.27

26 Nov

After the battle of Crecy came the battle of Potieh. As with Crecy the English longbowmen massacred the French knights.
The English captured the French King and took him hostage. They were convinced they had won but it was more complicated than that.
Other members of the French royal family took control of the throne and the English weren’t quite able to do it.
As happens with royalty, taking a king does not stop the next in line to step in.
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The Victory at the Battle of Crecy D.18.11.26

25 Nov

The English had a great victory in the battle of Crecy. At a look at the full Hundred Years War, it was a great victory. It gave the English assurance that they would be able to fight the French.
It made them think they might be able to conquer France and win the war. But they didn’t really follow up their military advantage from The Battle of Crecy all that well.
For one thing, they stopped and counted the dead, so they would have an accurate record of all the noblemen they had killed, rather than pursuing the French army and utterly destroying it so that they could move on Paris.
The Battle of Crecy in some ways just lengthened the war because the English couldn’t win, there was no way.
England wasn’t a populous enough country to take over France against the will of the French, they just didn’t have enough people to not only defeat the French in battle, but to rule France permanently.
But battles like Crecy made them think they could.
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The People behind the Longbow D.18.11.25

24 Nov

The people who used longbows were peasants and yeomen and other people further down the social scale.
In the French army these people were disregarded and given very little role in battles.
In the English army, they were used with great effectiveness to kill enormous numbers of French knights.
And particularly at The Battle of Crecy. The French armored knights attacked the English armored knights, but the English had longbowmen, and they massacred the French and it was a very lopsided battle.
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The Longbow D.18.11.24

23 Nov

The longbow is not a little bow and arrow that you would use from horseback or something. The longbow really is long.
They are sometimes six to eight feet in height. And they are often taller than the people shooting them.
They shoot with enormous force, and here is the key. They are not a noble weapon, they are not a noble weapon because they kill from a distance.
It is not noble to kill from a distance in the codes of chivalry. You’re supposed to kill in close combat, and that meant that knights never used longbows.
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Crecy, the Battle D.18.11.23

22 Nov

The Battle of Crecy was a battle near the beginning of the war in times of old. There was a conflict between the English knights with a red flag and the French knights with the blue.
It was an equally matched battle between two groups of armoured knights, both fighting, and if anything, the French may have done a little better
The battles in that period were fought between armoured knights. And the nobility was very proud of their prowess as fighters, and they had expensive suits of armour and expensive horses and rode in combat against each other wearing flags to identify them and heraldic emblems and were very concerned to show their valour in battle.
Unfortunately, they weren’t particularly a militarily effective force. An armoured knight may be well protected but their armour was very heavy and very hot. You can’t fight for very long in it and in some ways, it made the soldiers vulnerable, and one of the things that armoured knights were vulnerable to was the shots of the longbow.
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Royal Heritage D.18.11.22

21 Nov

King Edward the Third of England, in the 14th century, had a French mother, and through her, he had a claim to not just lands in France, but to the French throne.
He began a war against the French to stake his claim to take over the French throne hoping that he would be able to become King of France and England and combine the both of them into one domain under his rule.
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