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The Early Ottoman Empire D.18.12.12

11 Dec

By the middle Ages the political situation was very much changed. Mehmed II conquered Constantinople, Mehmed II, was known as the Conqueror.
He was the Ottoman Empire leader of the Ottoman Turks. There was a certain amount of cross-cultural influence between the Venetians and the Turks. Working together in a sense, even though they were not allying, and certainly militarily.
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Constantine XI D.18.12.11

11 Dec

Constantine XI, Palaeologus, was the last emperor of Byzantium. The Byzantine emperors were unbroken in their line back to the emperors of Rome.
Byzantium was just the eastern half of the Roman empire after it became a Christian empire in the late years of antiquity.
Constantinople took over as the capital of the Roman empire from Rome in the 4th century. And in the 14th century, a thousand years later, it was still the capital.
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Hundred Year War End D.18.12.10

9 Dec

The Hundred Years War was a kind of ending point for the Middle Ages. It was a beginning point for a more modern world with more broadly constituted armies with nations fighting nations rather than warlords fighting warlords.
The Hundred Years War came to an end in 1453. This was the date of another huge event in the military history of Europe, and this was the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks.
Constantine XI, Palaeologus, was the last emperor of Byzantium.
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The Medieval Knights and the Peasants D.18.12.09

8 Dec

The medieval battles were filled with the noble knights being slaughtered by the humble peasants with the longbows pointing to changes in military history.
The idea then was to win battles from large organized armies that took advantage of all kinds of weapons and technology and not just brave men with big swords riding horses.
That was not the way to win a battle. The other thing that started coming into war in that period was cannon and artillery.
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Medieval Loyalty D.18.12.08

7 Dec

There was a modern type of national identity which is seen in the earlier medieval period. This was when the people were loyal to their lord and it didn’t really matter to them what country they lived in.
It was more about who they were personally loyal to. The development of loyalty started in countries was a modern thing. In medieval time loyalty grew and this became the basis of loyalty today.
Loyalty to one country was a trend to be mastered because back in medieval time the fighting between locations was a matter of circumstances and lords rather than country.
Today, the medieval loyalty has grown to the adherence of the country of residence.
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The Cultural Differences of England and France D.18.12.07

6 Dec

If you think of how culturally different the English and the French have been over the years, we see this is of no small historical importance.
But it begins in both countries to create a sense of national identity.
The French and English are not just people who happen to be ruled by one or the other king. They are people who live in a certain place, speak a certain language, have certain national heroes or villains, have certain values.
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England and France in 1453 D.18.12.06

5 Dec

By 1453 the war was over, and the English were mostly out of France. Which is how it stayed ever since.
England is England, and France is France. And that’s one of the main reasons that the Hundred Years War mattered is that it established that England and France were two separate countries.
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