The Conversation about Democracy D.18.10.11

11 Oct

In the Medieval time England wasn’t a democracy, and the barons didn’t want a democracy. The Magna Carta did not explicitly guarantee rights and principles for everyone.
The Magna Carta brought in a lasting impact, and the originating document for later documents which do give people rights, like the Constitution of the United States, and various other national constitutions.
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Medieval King and Church D.18.10.10

10 Oct

The new king – Henry III (son of King John) couldn’t bully the church for money. There was the need for popular assent to justify taxation, to raise taxes on people.
People had to agree first that it was a reasonable thing to ask of them. Standards of judicial procedure.
It was brought in that people had a speedy trial. The trial would be by peers. Things like that became important.
The king did not have the power, or the state did not have the power of arbitrary imprisonment. The king couldn’t just lock people up because he felt like it. There had to be a legal reason to do so.
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King John’s Death 1216 D.18.10.09

8 Oct

King John died in 1216 leaving the throne to his young son Henry III.
As part of the eventual reconciliation between the barons and the crown, While Henry III was still a child, and not in a position to assert his authority as king, the ideas of the charter were revised.
And, came to play an enduring role in the relation between the English crown and the nobility.
So, in various ways, the charter Magna Carta endorsed the separation of church and state.
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Taxation and the Magna Carta D.18.10.08

7 Oct

The charter stipulated an important point, that some forms of taxation could never be done without King John getting the consent of the barons.
In other words, if John wanted to raise taxes, he would have to ask the barons’ permission first.
This was clearly an attempt to limit royal power and the document was a dismal failure. The war between the king and the barons broke out almost immediately. John died the next year leaving the throne to his young son Henry III in 1216.
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The Focus of the Magna Carta D.18.10.07

7 Oct

The Magna Carta focused on the rights of free men. Particularly in the Middle Ages was a relatively small section of society.
This had nothing to do with serfs or unfree labour of any kind. If peasants were attached to the lands they lived on and were not free and were bound.
They could not prosper under Magna Carta; Magna Carta made no reference to non-English people.
Magna Carta made no reference to women. Magna Carta was mostly a way of the barons to assert their rights as very powerful armed people against the rights of the king.
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The Content of the Magna Carta D.18.10.06

5 Oct

This is an idea of what the Magna Carta was about.
It promised the protection of church rights. It said that (King) John couldn’t just raise taxes on churches anytime he felt like it.
It promised protection from illegal imprisonment. You can’t just lock people up if they won’t pay their taxes.
It promised access to swift justice. If you got arrested by John, you would have a right to have a trial at some reasonable date. You wouldn’t just sit in prison forever without a trial.
And it would place limitations on taxation that the king could demand of his subjects.
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A look at the Magna Carta D.18.10.05

4 Oct

The Magna Carta is a large piece of parchment covered with very small Latin writing.
Magna Carta is the Latin word meaning Great Charter, and it was signed by King John in 1215 as a peace treaty between John and the rebel barons.
It is not a constitution, it’s not a bill of rights. It’s not really even a law but, eventually, it became to be seen as all these things – A constitution, a bill of rights, and a law.
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