The Upheaval of the Plague D.18.12.21

21 Dec

People were on edge as they witnessed their neighbours and families dying off. The plague killed an estimated 30 to 60% of Europe’s population.
Because of the trading relationships established between Europe and Asia, it is believed that the plague was transported by merchants.
The disease itself was transmitted primarily by rats and fleas. Infected bacteria were contained in the stomachs of these fleas. When they bit into a rat, they would then infect the rat with the tainted blood. Any fleas that then would bite the rat would become infected.
The fleas would then bite other rats or humans, which would then continue passing the disease.
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The Bubonic Plague D.18.12.20

20 Dec

The Bubonic plague, or Black Death, as it was more commonly referred to as, is a measuring stick to which we apply all epidemics.
The scope, the impact, the violent nature in which it attacked the body, the mortality rate, they all made it especially terrifying.
The indiscriminate way that it attacked its victims affected all aspects of society. Because of the way that it struck and a seemingly unstoppable nature, made people question their faith, the effectiveness of their governments, modern medicine and social groups.
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The Black Death D.18.12.19

18 Dec

Europe witnessed a number of catastrophes within the 14th century. The Hundred Years’ War, the Great Famine, and Black Death led to millions of deaths throughout Western Europe and exposed the vulnerabilities of those societies.
Because of the strain that was put onto the population’s governments and resources during that period, it led to people challenging the systems, institutions, and traditional values that were in place.
As a result, it was witnessed massive changes throughout Europe.
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The Last Emperor of Constantinople D.18.12.18

18 Dec

In 1453 the city fell to the Muslim forces who broke through the walls and the emperor, the last emperor of Constantinople, the last emperor of Rome, went down fighting.
No one knows where his body is located.
He threw himself into the fight and was never seen again.
The city was taken, sacked, and became Istanbul, the capitol of the Ottoman Empire and to this day, Istanbul is one of the great cities of the Muslim world.
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The Byzantines D.18.12.17

16 Dec

The competitor and challenge for the Byzantines was the Turkish artillery. The Ottomans were very good at building large cannons, this was the type of military technology that the Byzantines faced.
There was little to be done in the face of this type of artillery.
One positive which kept the city safe was that it was surrounded by water on three sides and the Golden Horn, was a very deep inlet that protected the northern part of the city.
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Enormous Ancient Fortresses D.18.12.16

15 Dec

During the developing Middle Ages huge fortresses were built. And the only reason they built enormous, elaborate fortresses was to make sure that ships from Constantinople could no longer sail into the Black Sea up and down the Bosphorus.
It was an enormous fort that was basically built to encircle the city of Constantinople. There was a great deal of energy and resources put into the construction.
The English name of the fortress was the Fortress of Europe.
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The Medieval Powers D.18.12.15

14 Dec

There were some Christian allies like the Venetians and the knights of St. John, but these were not major military powers.
The Ottoman Empire was probably the major military power in that period. And Constantinople was no match.
As an example of the lengths the Ottomans would go to take Constantinople – They would cross over the Bosporus north of Constantinople, so they were on the same side of the Bosphorus to Constantinople.
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