Christian Pilgrimages D.18.07.17

17 Jul

In years gone by people often journeyed from the Christian parts of Europe to the holy land to visit Jerusalem and places like that on pilgrimage, but the Crusades were an armed pilgrimage, where people would journey there not to worship, but to fight and conquer.
As many as 100,000 combatants and non-combatants took up Pope Urban’s call and journeyed to the holy land in the years after 1095.
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The Crusades D.18.07.16

15 Jul

The Crusades were basically a series of Holy wars that were preached and endorsed by the Catholic church at 1095.
In the year 1095 at Clermont Ferrand, in France, Pope Urban the Second preached the first crusade, calling upon French knights to journey to the Holy Land to capture the city of Jerusalem from the Muslims.
Anyone who took the cross was granted a plenary indulgence. That was an advance penance for all sins. In other words, anything you did on crusade, you were already forgiven for it by God, because you were fighting in God’s war.
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Nobility D.18.07.15

15 Jul

The chivalric ideal was that noble people, that is, those of aristocratic birth, wouldn’t actually act nobly, that is, unselfishly, and courteously.
This would be considered a beautiful idea but does not always work out in practice. Some knights may well have been courteous and unselfish, but many were no better than local strongmen, who exploited their peasants and were lax in their duties to their overlords.
Nonetheless, the feudal system helped give structure and coherence to European life, and to provide guidelines for the always fraught relations between the monarch and the nobility in the emerging kingdoms of western Europe.
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Medieval Knighthoods D.18.07.14

14 Jul

By the 12th century the institution of knighthood was idealized in various codes of chivalry or noble conduct.
The term knight comes from a term that means horseman, and chivalry is based on the French cheval for horse.
Hence – knights, horsemen, chivalry all connect with the power and wealth and ability to ride a horse. The man on horseback ruling over the poor man and people who cannot ride horses.
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Medieval France D.18.07.13

13 Jul

In medieval France, wherein part because of the Norman conquest, the king of England owed allegiance to the king of France for French lands but was also king in his own right across the channel.
This predictably lead to lots of conflict over hundreds of years and was only resolved when the English kings had lost all their French lands in a series of wars in the 15th century.
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The Rulers of Old D.18.07.12

11 Jul

Kings ruled the country, but local administration was carried out and paid for by individual nobles and knights who bore the costs and some of the profit that they would get through taxation.
At its least effective, the feudal system meant that the king was a nominal lord, but his vassals often acted independently.
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Germanic Warriors D.18.07.11

11 Jul

The structure, like European kingship itself, had roots in the Germanic warrior and tribal traditions. At its most highly developed in the feudal system of the high middle ages, a knight would swear allegiance to his lord, thus becoming his vassal. Because of this, the knight would have the lord’s protection, but also be obliged to serve the lord in war or in other ways.
At its most effective, in Norman Britain, for example, this was a very efficient system of government because it allowed for effective leadership with minimal cost.
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